Hieromartyr Andrew Zimin

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Hieromartyr Andrew Zimin   6/19 January


ovosvyaschennomuchenik presbyter Andrew Zimin glorified ROCOR Synod of Bishops on the List of New Martyrs and Confessors Russian in 1981. In addition to the general celebration of the Sunday of the New Martyrs and it has a special memory date specified in the list, August 6, in the old style.
Author Malyarovich Sophia, head Semin Tatiana, Primorsky Krai, Chernigov region, town. Sibirtsevo
Introduction
For many years the church and the clergy were harassed and persecuted by the Soviet regime, Communist ideals were lauded above the age-old Orthodox shrines. Closed churches were burned icons, let the bells melted down, priests were persecuted, bullied and ridiculed.This time is gone. Restored throughout the Russian Orthodox churches, restored memory. Today, it is impossible to imagine a modern Russian city or village without a church. And each of them has its own history, has its own mystery, there are names, especially esteemed congregation.
There is such a mystery and Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin of the village Chernigovka Primorsky Krai. This is the mystery of life and death rector Andrew Zimin.
photo: Chernigov Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, where he served as Father Andrew Zimin.Now the temple belongs to the MP.
History Chernigov temple is quite usual. The building of the temple, built in the late XIX century, in the 30 years of the twentieth century, it was rebuilt, and its walls for several decades housed a movie theater with a very symbolic title "Culture". Generation after generation, visiting this place and you can join the culture, forget that this building, a former Orthodox church, and it was in the late XIX beginning of XX centuries of culture and education in Chernigovka, the surrounding towns and villages. And only some of the old-timers of the village continued to remember the temple, and the person whose name was associated with nearly 20 years of history of the Chernigov region.
Today, the temple rebuilt. But it is very difficult to restore the lost for many years. The walls of the church parishioners have created a kind of memorial: three tombstones, which bears the text: "Archpriest of the murdered. Andrew Zimin with the house from grateful parishioners, "" God rest the soul of thy servant. " And next, in the temple, in a park, just a few meters away, another monument - Fighters for Soviet Power, fighters for power, which so cruelly cost and by the temple and those who served in it.
Not just on the pages of local newspapers appeared meager posts about Andrew Zimin and the tragedy of his family. The texts of newspaper articles, however, vary a lot, have different interpretations. Different authors evaluate the cause of death of the priest, the composition of his family, even information about the date of the tragedy contradictory.
We are interested in the fate of Chernigov priest, Archpriest Andrei Zimin, whose name is immortalized in stone. Who is he?When he lived? From whom and why accepted death?
The theme of the life and work of Father Andrew Zimin very relevant. After all, no doubt, that the education of patriotism and moral qualities of the Russians should be carried out not only on the examples of heroic deeds, military and labor feats, but also the examples of spiritual feats.
What was the true purpose of the killers? Robbery? Revenge? Political Views? Where is the grave?
There is a hypothesis that Andrew Zimin was killed by guerrillas because he set up in his sermons, his coming against the Soviets, was gone lists the guerrillas villagers. This article is based on archival information of the Russian State Historical Archive of the Far East and the scientific - production center for protection and use of monuments of history and culture of the Primorsky Territory, extracts from parish registers of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary in 1916, the newspapers "Far Eastern Review", "Diocesan Gazette "magazine" Far East ". The article draws on memories of old-timers, as well as materials monographs M. Polish, NI Berezkina, textbook V.O.Sheludko.
Life and work of Andrei Zimin
Reports of Chernihiv archpriest Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Andrew Zimin sketchy and sometimes contradictory. Set himself the task, learn as much as possible about the life and work of Andrei Zimin, in the study, analysis, comparison of various historical sources, archival documents, certificates, we managed to find out the following:
Family
Andrew Zimin Simeonov was the son of a Cossack. He was born August 15, 1872 (old style) in the village Tontoyskoy Transbaikal region. Today on the map Transbaikalia we could not find this settlement. It is possible that with the abolition of the Trans-Baikal Cossack troops in 1918 the village suffered the fate of hundreds of Tontoyskuyu Cossack villages.
About Andrew Zimin parents do not know anything except that they belonged to the Cossack class and father served in the Trans-Baikal Cossack, created in 1851.
It is not known as well and that is why Andrew Zimin chose a path of a clergyman. But, nevertheless, archival documents tell us that Andrew Zimin studied at the Annunciation Seminary and 23 June 1894 he graduated from the course with the title of the student. At the end of the seminar was to him for 22 years. "June 28 of that year, His Eminence, Bishop Macarius Kamchatka and the decree of the Consistory of the number in 2812 it was designated to the psalmist Zarechenskaya missionary church."
There are several versions of family members Archpriest Zimin. One of them says that "family consisted of his wife Lydia Alexandrovna (born 23 March 1876), the son of Elijah (born 20 July 1897), daughters Olga (born 18 May 1902), and Mary (born May 10, 1908 year).
There is another version of the composition of the family, which differs from the previous one:
"It was in the Dean family: his wife Lydia, three daughters and mother-in-law. »
The third version of family members derived from the funeral notice in the newspaper "Far Eastern Review". Here we read that with my father died Zimin wife Lidia, mother (wife?) Dominic P. Shmarova and children Olga, Maroussia, Lida, Shura.
At first glance, it seems that all four children - daughters. But in the register Chernigov Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary in 1916 under the record 12 recorded a male child, born on February 16 in the parents' Provost District 6 churches Vladivostok diocese archpriest Andrei Zimin Simeon and his lawful wife Lydia Alexandrovna. " The child was baptized on February 21, Alexander named in honor of St. Alexander. Thus, the "Shura" - a boy who at the time of death was not even 4 years!
Comparing the content of all documents, the date of their creation, we can conclude that the family of Father Andrew Zimin was created in the period from 1894 to 1896. It seems that during this period Andrew Zimin was married to Lydia Alexandrovna Shmarova. One after the other children were born in the family: Ilya - in 1897, Olga - in 1902, Mary - in 1908, the daughter of Lydia, apparently, was born between 1908 and 1916, Alexander was born in 1916.
All children, except Elias, born in the period of service. Andrew in Vladivostok diocese in Chernihiv church Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.
An interesting fact is that the godfather of little Alexander was the elder brother of Elijah, who at the time of baptism was already 19 years old. All the same the register records the baptism of Alexander in the "title, name and surname of the recipient of the" written "hereditary honorary citizen Ilya Andreev Zimin ..." Together with Ilya godmother little Sasha Zimin was "teacher Glafira Simeonova Zimin." Apparently, this native of unmarried sister. Andrew.
So, for a fraction of a grain, restored family composition Zimin. Family circle becomes even greater if we consider that the death of a family Zimin in Chernigovka in the newspaper "Far Eastern Review" reported family Konopleva and Sakharov. The announcement reported death of his mother and grandmother DP Shmarova brother and uncle AS Zimina.Vozmozhno that the names Konopleva Sakharov were sisters Lydia Alexandrovna and Andrew Semenovich.
How to remember the old-timers of the village Chernigovka, Zimin's family lived together, children learn in school. The good and the honesty of his father Andrew Zimin earned the respect and love of the villagers.
Start of activities
Multifaceted activities Archpriest Andrei Zimin in the Far East the period of its settlement and development is enormous respect. As this man was able to lead such a tense and various activities for the benefit of society?
Archival information about the life and work of the following. Within a few days after the end of the Annunciation Seminary, "June 28, 1894 His Grace, Bishop Macarius Kamchatka and the consistory decree number 2812 for Andrew Zimin was determined psalomshchika to Zarechenskaya missionary church. 17 September of the same year was ordained a deacon, and on September 18 ordained a priest in Grado-Cathedral of the Annunciation third priest. "
Seminaries, one of whom graduated from Andrew Zimin, were specialized secondary educational institutions, which in the end of XIX century was prepared not only ministers of worship, but let's theological education and trained teachers in primary schools.
During the development of the Far East Orthodox Church attached great importance to the opening of parochial schools, public schools. According to the rules of the parochial schools were created as one-class (two-year) and two-year (four-year) school. It is not surprising, therefore, that its purpose 22-year-old graduate of the Annunciation Seminary seen not only in the service of the Orthodox Church, but also in the teaching work, public education.
In the same 1894 about. Andrew Zimin began teaching and 1900. scribes was the first public school. In 1895, about. Andrew Zimin became a member and secretary of the department of the Annunciation of the Diocesan school boards, from 1895 to 1900. works scribes Church - Parish School cathedral and becomes a member of the regional committee of public health. From 1897 to 1900, is the head of the cathedral parish school.
Along with the intense teaching activity continues and spiritual ministry. From 1895 to 1899, he served as the interim head of the city houses the church of His Grace. From 1898 to 1900, acting as treasurer of the Annunciation of the Theotokos Orthodox Brotherhood and treasurer Top-Amur Branch of the school boards. and in 1899 he became a deputy clerk and 1 - th Congress of the Annunciation of the clergy of the diocese.
For their work for the benefit of society. Andrew has repeatedly won awards.
In 1895, he received his first award - archpastoral thanks for putting in the proper order of the library of the cathedral. Thanks was announced on October 28 by the decree of the Consistory and on 3 December of the same in 1895 he was awarded the Gaiters.
Three years later, December 20, 1898 was awarded the second after nabedrennik award "for their dedicated and helpful service" - purple skufia, and in 1900 the Holy Synod gave him a Bible, and in memory of Emperor Alexander III - a silver medal at the Alexander tape.
So worthily finished his ministry in the Diocese of Annunciation. Andrew Zimin
In Chernigovka
Photo: Panorama of the village Chernigovka, Primorsky Krai.
May 15, 1900, according to the petition for adoption at the service of the Vladivostok diocese was determined to Chernihiv Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church.
At the turn of XIX - XX centuries Chernigovka is a rich merchant village, numbering about 300 yards. Passed through the village chief tract Vladivostok - Khabarovsk and Ussuri railway. On the western edge of the village were built railway station Flour and steam military flour, flour supplies the military garrisons of the Far East. The village was the center of Chernigov parish, part of the South - Ussuri district (until 1902. - County) Maritime region Priamursky general - governorship. It had a rural regional office, hospital, church, post and telegraph office, branches of the largest trading companies in Primorye "Kunst and Albers", "Churin and K" Skidelsky, Chinese shops and workshops. In Chernigovka church was built in 1896 and the church - a parish school.
Being a man of action about. Andrew, becoming rector of the Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, immediately involved in the work. The first object of his labors was the building of the temple. His accomplishment was the handiwork of worries and Archpriest Andrei Zimin. In the years of service. Andrew above the main entrance to a height of more than twice the church itself, rising bell tower, topped by a gilded domes with a sparkling against the blue sky cross. In the center aisle of the church was constructed dome, the inside of the painted stars and images of saints on a bright blue background. The building is beautiful in every year are bright and festive colors. When the temple was a school and a library. According to the memoirs, the service in the church, where he served on. Andrew started originally. "House Zimin was at the corner of First (now October) street and easily visible from the temple.
Across the road - the gate in the fence parish area. Track from her to the temple is lined with stone. Parishioners expected to start service in the park. Opens the gate house father is sent to the service, and only he stepped into the street - began chime - an invitation for parishioners to enter the temple. "Loved the villagers of his father, marked by an extraordinary kindness and sympathy. He was ready to help everyone.All donations brought by the temple, gave to the poor. On the ongoing construction and many other church needs to purchase literature and church plate, the maintenance of the church orphanage and school staff spent funds received with considerable economy of the parish: 250 tithes plowing and mowing 50 tithes. "
Photo House today newspaper "Vladivostok Diocesan Gazette" February 17, 1908 reported the consecration in the village Chernigovka "new valuable iconostasis, perhaps the first in the diocese in its majesty and grace" that the blessing Archbishop Eusebius held on. Zimin.
According to the recollections of old residents, Chernihiv iconostasis of the temple was truly one of the best and richest. "This iconostasis was made ​​in the workshop IA Parin in Nikolsk 3500 p. ". Unfortunately, in the 30 years of the twentieth century, the iconostasis, being a work of art, was thrown out on the street and finally lost. At Chernigov church in 1908 there were as many as two choirs and parishioners involved in charity, for what occurred and awarded pastoral blessing and honor. All these good things, no doubt, can not do without the blessing of. Andrew.
From 1900 to 1903 GG Chernigov priest of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Andrew Zimin executes the office of the Dean of the 6th district of Vladivostok diocese churches, and from June 12, 1903 consistory decree approved in this post.
It is difficult today to imagine the amount of work on. Andrew, who execute the office of the Dean, had to supervise the activities of a number of churches in his district. What was the 6th District Churches Vladivostok diocese can be represented by a document dated 1913. This - the route of the procession from Vladivostok to Ussuri Holy Trinity Monastery.
From the document we learn that one of the leaders of the procession was appointed priest of. A.Zimin. Lead the procession, he apparently had in its 6th District. The document path of the procession, which is responsible for. Zimin, determined from the village to village Monastyryshche Spassky. The route ran through the village Monastyryshche, Chalcedon, Chernigovka, Dmitrievka Prokhorov, Voskresenka, Spassky. It is also known that the work of Andrew Zimin extended as well to the village and Altynovka Pavlivka, and in 1905 he was in charge of the arrival of Demetrius Intercession Church.
Together with the peasants with. Altynovka he works, erecting a temple, and is engaged in equipment Altynovskoy church.
Known for the discovery bells, shot in the 30s of the twentieth century with Altynovskogo temple and taken away on about.Sakhalin. This bell along with many other bells for many years faithfully served navigation at the northern end of Sakhalin and was discovered in the 90 years of the twentieth century m. Elizabeth in a deplorable state, "Bell as an abandoned child was lonely and restless, hung under rickety shed. Language weighing 40 kg was removed (or torn?). Bell cast alloy with a predominance of copper and covered with a thick layer of patina. However, the inscription reads well. Bottom: "This bell was erected diligence peasants of the village Altynovki Maritime region at Priest Andrew Zimin in 1906". Traces altynovskogo bell today are lost. But to return to activity A. Zimin.
Through the activities of Father Andrew after a few years in Chernihiv parish was the largest number of pupils on Nikolsk Ussuri County - 1104 people, including ministerial schools studied 616 boys and 203 girls in the church - the parish - 136 boys and 149 girls.
And here in Primorye, as well as in Blagoveshchensk, the work of Father Andrew was seen and appreciated. Commendable spoke about his activities Chernigovka visited in 1903 Observer diocesan school boards S. Alyakrinsky, in 1904 the military governor-general N. Kolyubakin in 1909godu Bishop of Vladivostok and Kamchatka. Eusebius.
Archival information dryly tells us that "June 22, 1902 on. A.Zimina awarded kamilavka. October 30, 1903 for "exemplary diligence and zeal for the benefit of public education, he was awarded the blessing of St.. Synod with the issuance of certificates installed." April 27, 1907 "for the care and custody of a parochial school to give the blessing of St. Chernigovka. Synod with the issuance of certificates installed, and May 6, 1907 for service on spiritual department, he was awarded by St.. Synod pectoral cross"
In 1913 he was awarded the Order of St. Anna III, and granted the rank of archpriest in 1916 №14 dated July 15, the newspaper "Vladivostok Diocesan Gazette" reported: "The Emperor, in most humbly report Synodal chief procurator, coglasno definition of the Holy Synod, the 24th day of May of this year, the All-Merciful deigned for perfectly-zealous service and special works incurred by the circumstances of war, on soprichislenie to the Order of St. Anne 2 nd degree Archpriest church. Chernigovka Andrew Zimin. "
All this leaves no doubt: the whole life and activity ottsaAndreya of graduating from the seminary until 1916 was an example of service to God and society.
Before the 1917 revolution was just over a year. On the subsequent years of the life of Father Andrew no document mentions, and this period of his ministry is revealed only by his contemporaries.
Riddles of death Archpriest Andrei Zimin
Life and work of Father Andrew Zimin be clear, understandable and transparent. But the last years of his life and death are surrounded by mysteries and secrets. How he lived from 1917? Who killed him? For what? Date of death? Who replaced him in the post? What is their fate? Where is the grave? There are many questions, but to answer them is possible only after a large and hard work. And this is the case or one year ...
The last mention of the life and activities of. Andrew Zimin in our existing documents related to May 1916. In less than a year in March 1917 abdicate Nicholas II, and in October 1917 will come to power by the Bolsheviks.
Revolution, civil war, the Bolsheviks, Mensheviks, white, red, thugs, the interventionists, the guerrillas ... the Soviet government on the one hand and a variety of groups and parties who opposed it, on the other hand, the change of the Far East and the Maritime governments ... It was hard to understand all this, to understand, much less accept. Collapsing world in which so actively lived and worked for the good of the people, Archpriest Andrei Zimin.
One of the first laws of the Soviet regime was the Decree on the separation of church and state and school and church. In fact, these decrees were signed sentence church in Bolshevik Russia. But the church was still standing, the priests served the congregation, no matter what, to visit the temple.
According to his contemporaries, "Chernigov priest archpriest Andrei Zimin loved by all the parishioners - still, because for him, people differ in ability and desire to do good, to love others, so - near to the Lord, regardless of affiliation to a particular party.On - still he served his flock and feared no without feeling guilty for him. "
In the book by the Polish "New Russian Martyrs" describes the history of the death of Andrew Zimin and his family, not just rewrite the other authors. And mentioned the names of the killers. "Winter night in the priest's house raided by bandits led Shatkovskim, Klinduhom and Chukhno. In the eyes of. Andrew, and an elderly woman (his mother-in), they abused his wife and daughters. The poor woman could not bear this nightmare - died of a heart attack. End of Father Andrew was also terrible. It toppled to the floor, threw the door on him and crushed, standing at the door with his boots.
The same night the priests were killed in the villages of Prokhorovka (apparently Prokhorov - auth.) And Evseevka that a few dozen kilometers from Chernigovka. Their houses as well as the house of. Andrew Zimin, were looted.
Following M. Polish author, describing the terrible events that carry them by 1918 or 1919. Yet in the newspaper "Far Eastern Review" on 23/10 January 1920 (№ 236), we read: "Family Konopleva Sakharov with deep regret inform relatives and friends about the tragic death of a dear mother and grandmother Dominica Petrovna Shmarova, brother and uncle archpriest Andrei Semenovich Zimin, his wife Lydia Alexandrovna and their children Oli, Maroussi, Lida and killed in a Shura. Chernigovka 17/4 Jan. Memorial service will be on Sunday 25/12 January in the cathedral at the end of the liturgy. "
The conclusion is clear: the exact date of the death of Father Andrew Zimin with his family - January 17, 1920.
The book NI Berezkina "This is our story line," just read that "the telegram that the priest Zimin and his family were killed, came in Vladivostok diocese on the same day - January 17, 1920". Unfortunately, using the writing of this book a lot of documents and materials, the author does not provide footnotes to them and, therefore, is not yet possible to find out which stores this telegram, as well as where it is known that "buried in the churchyard family Demetrius priest Toropov on the death certificate recorded: killed by intruders. "
The place of burial. A.Zimina and his family there are several versions. One of them speaks N. Berezkina - an area adjacent to the church, the priests buried within the temple is the Orthodox tradition. There are also memories of the villagers, who talk about that in the area adjacent to the cinema "Culture", was the place where the children were afraid and called "the priest's grave." Excavations in the Church Park, produced at the location specified by the old-timers, to no avail: too much time had passed. As a result, so far the exact place of burial is considered unknown. That is why the parishioners was equipped with a place to which one can come to pay homage to the memory of Archpriest Andrei Zimin.
Photo: the symbolic burial place of presbyter Andrew Zimin at Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. Somewhere there are relics of the New Martyr Andrew, who has not yet been found.
There are discrepancies about who buried his father A.Zimina with his family. In some sources it is a deacon of the temple and the neighbor Zimin Nikonishin, in others - it Archpriest Konoplyev allegedly left his memories and transmitted to the author of the letter with the request to open Zimin after his death, in the third - a priest Demetrius hurry. Despite the inconsistencies, let us assume that at a funeral attended and possibly take an active part in their organization, all three of the mentioned person. Their further fate is unable to learn.
The book discusses N.Berezkinoy about who and why dealt with the family priest. She writes that "the popular rumor keeps two versions: the priest took revenge four brothers - guerrillas, whose mother was brutally N. Chernoplat kalmykovtsami quartered;on the second version - in the hands of the guerrillas hit list compiled by a priest 18 villagers who went to the guerrillas. One of them, who discovered his name on the list, arranged over the family priest lynching. "
The article Pelagia Pushpashevoy just address the question of the causes of such cruel crime and its perpetrators. She writes that in the vicinity of Chernigovka while acting "gang of some Shatkovskogo, which had no relation to either white or red. As with any gang in it flourished greed and blood, hatred of all things of God. "The same article mentions the names of some Klinduha and Chukhno allegedly later violence and with their leader Shatkovskim and his wife. In his article P. Pushpasheva voices and the version because of the barbaric massacre of the family of the priest: "One thing seems certain: the present case the Bolshevik atrocities have no relationship ... Bolshevik gang? Yes, they exist. But there were other, under the guise of seeking to "warm hands" on someone else's ashes, cash without incurring answer for their crimes. Turn a blind eye, then - covering criminals who always spawns a great many in times of unrest and misery nationwide "
We take the liberty to express their views and to that effect. Establish the truth today is not possible, because documentary base is not just weak, but simply missing. It is possible that it is the task of the future of search and research. One thing seems certain: the death of the priest - not just the tragedy of one family. It is known, at least four cases of killings of the priests, a relatively small area of ​​Chernigovka to Spassk: Prokhorov in the villages, Evseevka, Vishnevka. And all this happened in the period from 1918 to 1920. The conclusion suggests itself that the murder of the priest during the Civil War in Primorye, and specifically in the area, between the villages of Chernigovka and Spassky were system. "Simple" robbery and burglary are seen not just crimes against the inhabitants, and the planned political actions against the clergy. And the fact that these priests sat, and including Father Andrew Zimin, became martyrs for the Orthodox faith, it seems indisputable.
Conclusion
In the course of work on the topic, the study of sources and literature, we tried to unravel the mysteries of life and death of his father Andrew Zimin and his family, to establish the true date of death of the priest, the composition of his family. Based on historical sources, newspaper articles, memoirs of old residents, we found out the role played by Father Andrew Zimin in the history of the Chernigov region. In the process, we came to the following conclusions:
Archpriest Andrei Zimin, his life and work are an example of service to God and Fatherland. Over 20 years of service in the Chernigov Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Archpriest Andrei Zimin managed to leave a great memory of himself: his efforts were built two schools for the Ministry of National Education, enjoyed great success and has been declared one of the best parochial school. They were organized and personally conducted Sunday school classes, held folk reading, whose purpose was religious and moral education of the population Chernigovka and nearby villages.
Father Andrew Zimin, being an educated man, carried the people of culture, education, moral principles.
Today we are not destined to learn how to be developed Zimin family life in the future. But one thing is certain: all the children are grown and would deserve to be educated.
The paper clearly established date of death of the family - January 17, 1920, on the basis of comparing and contrasting the various documents and time of origin established family structure - grandmother, father, mother, and five children: two sons and three daughters. Unfortunately, there is still no news about the fate of the eldest son Ilya Zimin found. It is possible that, like other children of priests, he studied in Vladivostok gymnasium may have been sent to Blagoveshchensk to study at the seminary. Or maybe it by 1920 was not alive? Anyway, in the funeral notice in the newspaper "Far Eastern Review" his name is not mentioned among the grieving relatives or family members of those killed.
Unfortunately, not all of the issues facing this work, failed to respond. The exact location of the burial family Zimin is not set, no documented the names of the killers, not clarified training so cruel atrocities documented not involved in the murder of partisans. But still, there is no doubt that the murder of a family of Archpriest Andrei Zimin was not accidental. It was just one of a number of atrocities committed by the priests, which means Father Andrew Zimin was killed either for political or religious reasons. But the fact that he suffered for the Orthodox faith - no doubt!
We express our sincere gratitude to the residents of the village Chernigovka, whose stories really helped us in our work. First of all, thank Father Alexander Prokopova priest Chernigov Church Nativity of the Virgin for the materials and assistance.
List of references
  • Archival information of the Russian State Historical Archives of the Far East, the number 237 from 27.11 2006 .
  • Berezkina NI This is our history stroki.- Vladivostok: Ussuri, 1999.
  • Vladivostok Diocesan Gazette, № 10, May 17, 1903
  • Vladivostok Diocesan Gazette, № 5, 1 March 1908
  • Vladivostok Diocesan Gazette, №14, July 15, 1916
  • Far Eastern Review, № 236, January 23, 1920
  • Metric book number 75 of 1916 Archival Administration Department of Chernigov rayona.Fond.56, inventory №1, D.№ 99, nx 10 - 11
  • Polish M. New Russian Martyrs: The first collection of materials, 1949 - http://www.white-guard.ru/church/mucheniki/muchen 1. htm
  • About Pushpasheva P. Archpriest Andrei Zimine.- http://ortodox.fegi.ru/zimin . htm
  • V. Remizov Sakhalin arabesques. Bells beacons Schmidt Peninsula // Far Vostok.- 2008. - №3. - S. 139 - 140.
  • Shelud'ko VO History of Chernihiv region (1886 - 1917). - Vladivostok: Far Eastern National University Publishing House, 1998.